What is Human Trafficking?

According to the United Nations and the International Labor Organization as well the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Blue Campaign, every nation on earth is involved in human trafficking. “Human trafficking is modern-day slavery and involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act.”

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The International Labour Organization estimates the number of trafficked people worldwide at over 27 million.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reports that in 2011, approximately 49 percent of detected victims of trafficking were women, 18 percent were men, 12 percent boys, and 21 percent girls.  This report also indicates that almost 80 % of trafficking is for sexual exploitation involving mostly women and girls. Although labor trafficking does occur in agricultural and textile industries, domestic help and food service industries, only about 18 percent of those trafficked are for labor purposes.
The Human Trafficking Center (HTC) defines human trafficking, “As the recruitment and/or movement of someone within or across borders, through the abuse of power/position with the intention of forced exploitation, commercial or otherwise.” Forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation are listed as the primary types of trafficking, but other types include domestic servitude, forced marriage, forced criminal activity, child soldiering, forced begging, and forced prostitution.

 

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(Data from the National Center of Missing and Exploited Children )

  • FBI estimates over 100,000 women and girls are trafficked HERE in the US.  They range from ages 9 to 19 with 11 being the average age.
  • An example of human trafficking is a young girl, being whisked away from her family either through coercion or false promises, and forced into prostitution for their slave owner’s benefit (22 USC § 7102).
  • There are more human SLAVES in the world today than ever in HISTORY. The estimate is 27 million adults and 13 million children world-wide.
  • Approximately 75-80% of human trafficking is for sex.
  • Human trafficking is one of the FASTEST GROWING crimes because it’s low risk with the potential for high profit. Criminal organizations are increasingly using human trafficking because, unlike drugs, humans can be sold over and over.

Breaking Free Stats: Profile of a Sex Trafficking Victim

The U.N. Estimates that 27 million people are enslaved worldwide- more than any other time in history. 80% of victims are female, and 50% are children. (1)
Females are typically sold for the purpose of sex. Domestic victims report being forced to service as many as 10 men per day on average. International victims report as many as 40 per day. (2)
In 2003, Minneapolis, Minnesota was identified by the FBI as one of 13 cities with a large concentration of child prostitution enterprises. (3)
When asked, 89% of women and girls used in prostitution wanted to get out but didn’t know where to turn for help. (4)
Sex trafficked women suffer a “workplace homicide rate” 51 times higher than that of the next most dangerous occupation, working in a liquor store. (5)
In 2010, the online sales of minor girls being sold for sex in MN increased by 55% over a six month period. (6)
By very conservative measures, a November 2010 study found that each month in Minnesota at least 213 underage girls are sold for sex an average of five times per day through the Internet and escort services. This number does not include hotel, street or gang activity. (7)
About 50% of adult women interviewed as part of a 2010 study focused on North Minneapolis stated that they first traded sex when they were under the age of 18, with the average age at 13. (7)

75% of girls who are entangled in prostitution networks are controlled by a sex trafficker or “pimp.”(8)
The average age of entry into prostitution by minors is 12-14 years of age (9)
The Polaris Project conservatively estimates that a pimp with a “stable” of three girls or women often enforces an average nightly quota of $500, or $1,500 a night. If these quotas are met consistently, the pimp can make as much as $547,000 (or more) in a year ($1,500 a night x 365 nights a year = $547,500). (9)

1. Free The Slaves, “Slavery in the 21st Century” http://www.freetheslaves.net/Document.Doc?id=1
2. Breaking Free Internal Statistic
3. FBI, Minneapolis Division, “What We Investigate” http://www.fbi.gov/minneapolis/about-us updated October 2011.
4. Melissa Farley, PhD and Howard Barkan, DrPH. “Prostitution, Violence Against Women, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Women and Health. Haworth Press, Inc. 1998
5. American Journal of Epidemiology (2004) 159 (8): 778-785.
6. The Schapiro Group, “Adolescent Girls in the United States Sex Trade”. Tracking Study Results for November 2010
7. Martin, L. (2010). The prostitution project: Community-based research on sex trading in North Minneapolis. CURA Reporter, Fall-Winter 2010.
8. Richard J. Estes and Neil Weiner, “The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children In the U. S., Canada and Mexico,” University of Pennsylvania, February 2002
9. The Polaris Project, “Street Prostitution” 2010.

Statistics from St Cloud Times article below.

 

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Sex trafficking: The Victims Next Door

SEX TRAFFICKING IS HAPPENING HERE. EVERY DAY, AT ALL HOURS. AND CENTRAL MINNESOTA IS NOT IMMUNE TO THE VIOLENCE, DRUG USE AND TRAUMA THAT FOLLOWS IT. LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AND ADVOCACY ORGANIZATIONS ARE WORKING TO COMBAT THE ISSUE, BUT FACTORS SUCH AS PORNOGRAPHY, SEXISM AND ECONOMICS CONTINUE TO FUEL A CULTURE OF EXPLOITATION.

 

 Read St Cloud Times Human Trafficking Story